· According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), in the year 2005, mrsa was responsible for an estimated 94,000 invasive life-threatening infections and close to 19,000 deaths (more than AIDS).
· In the US in 2003, there were an estimated 12 million doctor or emergency room visits for skin and soft tissue infections suspected to be caused by staph aureus.
· Hospitals in England have seen a 548% increase in MRSA related deaths from 2003 to 2004!
Healthcare Associated MRSA (HA-MRSA)
Often called Hospital Acquired MRSA, HA-MRSA is usually picked up from a hospital stay. Until recently, most MRSA cases were contracted in hospital or healthcare environments, like nursing homes and dialysis centers. Hospital patients with open wounds, invasive devices like catheters or IV's, and weakened immune systems are at greater risk for an HA-MRSA infection than the general public. HA-MRSA is still a big problem for those undergoing hospitalization.
· Approximately 20% of bloodstream infections in hospitals are now caused by the Staph aureus bacteria.
· In 2003, 64.4% of hospital onset bacterial infections in intensive care units were HA-MRSA infections.
· Types of post-operative hospital infections have changed over the years from typically wound infections in the 1960's to urinary tract infections in the 1970's and 1980's.
· Currently 43% of post-operative hospital infections are now pneumonia! This drastically increases a patients chance for death when MRSA is concerned.
Unfortunately, hospital staff who do not follow proper sanitary procedures inadvertently transfer bacteria from patient to patient. Some hospitals screen for MRSA and isolate such patients, but most US hospitals do not yet do this.
Community Associated MRSA (CA-MRSA)
Until recently, hospitals were the most likely area you would get MRSA. The biggest MRSA health risk right now is CA-MRSA.
CA-MRSA are infections that occur in healthy people who have not been hospitalized within the last year. CA-MRSA also applies to people who acquire MRSA who've not had any medical procedure done within the last year in a health-care facility such as dialysis, surgery, or catheters.
According to the Journal of the American Medical Association (AMA), CA-MRSA has become the most frequent cause of skin and soft tissue infections presenting to emergency departments in the United States. CA-MRSA infections are usually skin infections, such as abscesses, boils, and other pus-filled lesions.